Frihandel i media vecka 51


Alexander Stubb, Finlands förre statsminister sammanfattar i Dagens Industri 2016 med viss optimism trots bakslag för frihandel och globalisering:

”På våren träffades USA:s Barack Obama, Tysklands Angela Merkel, Storbritanniens David Cameron, Frankrikes François Hollande och Italiens Matteo Renzi i G7-mötet. Nästa maj är det bara den tyska förbundskanslern som sitter kvar.

Populisternas frammarsch fortsatte. Donald Trump valdes till USA:s president. Nigel Farage lyckades med Brexit. Frankrikes Marine Le Pen och Hollands Geert Wilders blev alltmer populärare. Samtidigt fortsatte Filipinernas Rodrigo Duterte med auktoritära tag.

Den traditionella vänstern försvagades ytterligare. Dess hjälte, Fidel Castro, dog. Hollande berättade att han inte ställer upp i presidentvalet. Bernie Sanders blev inte demokraternas presidentkandidat. Storbritanniens Jeremy Corbyn hade svårt att bli en trovärdig oppositionsledare.

De internationella institutionerna – FN, WTO, EU, Nato, IMF och Världsbanken – tappade mark. Nationalismens och protektionismens vindar blåste över alla kontinenterna. Trump slopade frihandelsavtalet TTP. Kina blev globalismens synligaste förespråkare.


Mot denna rätt så misära bakgrund skulle det vara lätt att börja planera den liberala världens och globalismens begravning. Det skulle dock vara helt för tidigt. Globalismens pendel svajar alltid mellan internationalism och nationalism.

Vi lever i en bättre värld än någonsin tidigare.”


Brittiska The Telegraph påminner på ledarplats Trump och Kina om att frihandeln har givit välstånd:

”Meanwhile, trade with China has been of enormous benefit to everyone involved. As its economy has opened up, life expectancy in the Middle Kingdom has jumped from about 43 in 1960 to around 76 today. And while the West has lost manufacturing jobs, it has also gained inflation-killing cheap imports and access to a fast-growing market of more than a billion consumers.

Free trade should be fair. Rules must be obeyed and the president-elect has the right to challenge foreign powers if he believes they are behaving under-handedly to gain strategic advantage. But it would be hypocritical, and unethical, of Mr Trump and Theresa May to conclude a US-UK free trade deal while simultaneously shutting the door on the developing world.”


Alan Wm. Wolff, nestor inom amerikansk handelspolitik visar i Fortune på vägar framåt för USA:s handelspolitik:

”Upgrading NAFTA is not enough of an American trade agreements program. Nor are there a lot of good choices for bilateral deals – Europe will be tied up for years with plans for the UK to leave the European Union, What’s more, as a number of state elections loom, the EU is not positioned to negotiate any free trade agreements any time soon. And Japan’s legislature just approved TPP. The Japanese government would rather not see the deal scrapped.

Regrettably it is unrealistic to do a trade deal with all of the world’s countries at once. That has been tried repeatedly in the WTO over the last two decades and the possibilities for the time being appear to be exhausted. But countries could start by making smaller deals with fewer than all 164 WTO member parties and build from there. The new Administration should not discard TPP but work to make it real with sensible changes needed to gain support from both the Trump administration and Congress. Other countries clearly want to join, and that would amount to half the world’s economic activity – no small deal.

Trump says that he likes to come out on top in negotiations, and that his administration would cut smarter deals. Here is a prime opportunity. Show China and the rest of the world what can be accomplished with new American leadership. Set a high standard for trade across the Pacific in a Trump Administration deal and make it the new model for the conduct of world trade.”

Kategorier: Frihandel i media