Frihandel i media vecka 51

2018-12-20

South China Morning Post rapporterar om den femfaldiga expansionen av frihandelszonen i Shanghai:

Shanghai is considering expanding its free-trade zone fivefold to as big as 600 square kilometres, and include two areas where US electric carmaker Tesla and Malaysian hospital operator IHH Healthcare are already active, to increase its appeal to foreign investors.

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The Shanghai government has set up a special task force to come up with detailed plans for the expansion of the free-trade zone, and these plans will be submitted to top authorities in Beijing for a final review and endorsement.

While Lingang is viewed as an ideal area to attract more foreign investment and international companies’ mainland China production operations, Shanghai wants to turn Hongqiao into an international medical centre by drawing top hospital chains and talent from across the globe.

China State Council guideline prioritises land use for free-trade zones, sets stage for further liberalisation
Sources said the expanded free-trade zone will further ease restrictions on foreign investment and grant foreign companies greater freedom in moving commodities and money in and out of mainland China.

The new free-trade zone will also enable more foreign businesses to open free-trade accounts, a major experimental move in the zone aimed at easing trade and investment. These accounts are viewed as a preliminary step in liberalising capital accounts, and were first introduced to the Shanghai free-trade zone in 2015.

President Xi breathes new life into Shanghai FTZ as he hopes to replicate reforms across China
These are considered offshore accounts for official purposes, with banking authorities allowing free capital flows between free-trade accounts and accounts outside mainland China.”

 

2018-12-19

Svenska Dagbladet. Janerik Larsson skriver om Trumps handelspolitiska självskadebeteende:

“I konservativa Washington Examiner läser jag en insiktsfull artikel om hur sättet på vilket Trump bedriver handelskrig mot Kina. I artikeln hänvisas också till denna analys från konservativa tankesmedjan American Enterprise Institute.

Genom att Trump är besatt av att göra allt på egen hand och aldrig använda vare sig USAs tidigare allianser eller av internationella organ som världshandelsorganisationen WTO skadar han i praktiken USAs ekonomiska intressen.

Den enda förklaringen till Trumps agerande är att det är hans sätt att inför en okunnig hemmaopinion markera att han – bara han – kan göra något som är effektivt och gynnar amerikanska intressen. Man ska inte utesluta att det tillvägagångssättet kan göra honom omvald i november 2020, men ur amerikanskt ekonomiskt perspektiv är det negativt.

Trumpadministrationens ambition tycks vara att handlingsförlama WTO. Det sker genom att man vägrar utse nya domare till organisationens tvistelösningsfunktion. Examiner skriver att USA därigenom omöjliggjort det som vore det mest effektiva, nämligen att ta striden med Kina i WTO:

This Washington-created impasse means that the U.S. has effectively prevented itself from challenging China. Worse, as U.S. legitimacy wanes from failure to engage, China’s active role is giving Beijing greater clout in WTO reforms. If Washington is serious about pushing China to reform, this is the wrong way to do it. Trump would do far better to engage with allies in the WTO, create meaningful reforms and pursue legal remedies rather than engaging in a trade war in hopes of a new deal. After all, many of the administrations stated goals could already be enforced through the WTO. But, if the U.S. continues to purse it’s trade war while blocking reforms in the WTO, it may well find the tables turned with Washington on the losing end of a challenge from China over tariffs.

USA förlorar legitimitet i världssamfundet; Kina vinner legitimitet trots att WTO-vägen skulle vara det effektiva sättet att hantera de problem som inte bara USA ser i Kinas hantering av teknologiföretag.”

 

 

 

 

 


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