Frihandel i media vecka 13


The Economist konstaterar att USA blir allt mer negativt till frihandel. Tidningen menar att lösningen är mer aktiv arbetsmarknadspolitik:

”But what ought to be done to protect those workers who lose out because of competition from abroad? The safety net provided by trade-adjustment assistance, a federal programme, is threadbare—which is why many displaced American workers opt for more generous disability benefits and leave the job market altogether. In effect, America has imported some of the worst aspects of Europe while ignoring the best. Germany is Europe’s manufacturing powerhouse but has successfully absorbed the twin shocks of competition from China and the accession of countries to its east into the European Union. This is in part because Germany has been able constantly to upgrade the skills of its workforce, thanks to its system of apprenticeships. In America community colleges in depressed areas show promise in bridging the skills gap, but there is still too much emphasis on an expensive four-year university education and too little on vocational training.

America has also lagged behind other rich countries in “active” labour-market policies. More could be done to help workers who lose jobs to find new ones, through job exchanges and courses to add to skills. In America’s panoramic jobs market, there may be a case for providing relocation grants for workers hurt by trade. A big gripe of displaced workers is that an alternative job in the service sector does not pay as well or come with the same health-care or pension benefits that big manufacturers used to provide. That is a strong argument for a system of portable benefits that go with workers when they change jobs. A system of wage insurance might have merit.

Such policies are needed not only in America—workers in Britain’s steel plants are confronting the demise of the domestic industry (see article). Nor are they required only to smooth trade shocks. Many of these policies are necessary to deal with other sources of disruption, from cheaper robots to new technologies such as 3D printing. Protectionists want to turn back the clock. Far better to reap the permanent overall gains from trade while preparing the workforce for change.”


2016-03-29 publicerar ett TT-telegram som konstaterar att svensk mat har dåligt skydd på EU:s lista över regionala matvaror i TTIP-förhandlingarna:

”Svensk vodka och Kalix löjrom är de enda svenska livsmedel som EU-kommissionen kräver ett särskilt starkt skydd för i förhandlingarna med USA om frihandelsavtalet TTIP, skriver ATL.

Det betyder att bland annat Sveciaost, Upplandskubb och bruna bönor från Öland, som är ursprungsskyddade inom EU, saknas på listan, som totalt omfattar 223 livsmedel. I EU:s egna regler har över tusen livsmedel ursprungsskydd.

EU-reglerna innebär bland annat att svensk vodka måste tillverkas i just Sverige och Kalix löjrom måste produceras i området mellan Åby älv och Torneå älv.”





Kategorier: Frihandel