Veckan bjöd inte på något svenskt material om frihandel. Men desto mer på den internationella arenan.
Vi börja i Afrika.
Alexander C.R. Hammond skriver i The National Interest om USA:s öppning mot handel med Afrika:
“The poorest continent in the world is about to lend a hand to the United States. Last week, Africa implemented the world’s largest free-trade area, and that’s great news for American foreign policy. Back in December, U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton unveiled a plan for the Trump administration’s titled the “Africa Strategy.” The plan is simple—the United States will give less aid to Africa, instead prioritizing enhancing America’s “economic ties with the region.” Now that many African nations have unified under a single market, trading with the continent will become far easier—and a trade deal between the United States and Africa would help out everyone involved.
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) trade deal officially came into force on May 30, a month after it reached the twenty-two-nation threshold needed to do so. Now, tariffs on 90 percent of the goods traded among AfCFTA member states will be removed—a move that, according to the UN, will boost intra-African trade by 52 percent in only a few years.
If the United States really wants to follow through on its plan to help Africa’s economy thrive, then it is vital that a U.S.-AfCFTA trade deal replaces existing American preferential trade schemes like the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Right now, AGOA gives developing African countries duty-free access to the U.S. market for some goods, but the agreement is bogged down with far too many exceptions that can change on a whim—causing havoc for domestic African industries dependent on the American trade scheme. Last year, for example, the United States unexpectedly changed AGOA’s terms and suspended Rwanda’s ability to export clothing duty-free, damaging the Rwandan textile industry and putting hundreds of jobs at risk (mostly women’s jobs). Moving away from these malevolent trade schemes and toward a more reciprocal agreement with mutual, unchangeable rules would go a long way in providing economic stability to the poor in Africa.
So far, twenty-four of the fifty-five African member states have ratified the AfCFTA and now that the trade area is operational, many more African nations are expected to join in the coming months. As more countries join the African single market, the potential benefits for both parties to create a U.S.-AfCFTA trade deal will continue to grow.”oods from Africa, rather than producing them domestically, then the U.S. economy can focus on what it best produces: high-value specialized goods and services.
The poorest continent in the world is about to lend a hand to the United States. Last week, Africa implemented the world’s largest free-trade area, and that’s great news for American foreign policy. Back in December, U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton unveiled a plan for the Trump administration’s titled the “Africa Strategy.” The plan is simple—the United States will give less aid to Africa, instead prioritizing enhancing America’s “economic ties with the region.” Now that many African nations have unified under a single market, trading with the continent will become far easier—and a trade deal between the United States and Africa would help out everyone involved.
Och fortsätter med Storbritannien och och Sydkorea som har enats om ett preliminärt frihandelsavtal som snabbt kan förverkligas när britterna lämnar EU:
“The UK and South Korea have signed an outline free trade agreement (FTA) that seeks to maintain existing trade arrangements post-Brexit.
International Trade Secretary Liam Fox signed the deal with his South Korean counterpart Yoo Myung-hee in Seoul.
The preliminary agreement marks the first post-Brexit trade deal the UK has secured in Asia.
The agreement is roughly in line with the terms of the existing Korea-EU FTA.
“In so far as a (UK-S Korea) deal has been struck that’s a landmark moment,” Mouhammed Choukeir, chief investment officer at private bank Kleinwort Hambros told BBC 5 live’s Wake Up to Money.
“Where it’s not a big deal is that actually the biggest trading bloc still needs to be negotiated – the EU and US.”
The deal would cover South Korean exports including cars and auto parts. South Korea exports mostly cars and ships to Britain, while it imports crude oil, cars and whisky.
The agreement is designed to provide stability under a no-deal Brexit, with the UK due to leave the EU on 31 October, with or without a deal.”
Mer av samma sak. Australien förbereder sig också för ett liv efter Brexit när det gäller handeln med Storbritannien:
“Despite this successful trading relationship, an Australian-post-Brexit UK FTA is needed because their economies are inextricably linked by their longstanding complementary markets, and the current trade relationship between Australia and the UK is predicated on the UK being a member of the European Union (EU). The FTA will also provide both Governments with a good foundation for more complex and lucrative trade negotiations including between Australia and the EU, and between a post-Brexit UK and the US.
Australia’s and the UK’s commitment to an FTA post-Brexit
Although the EU rules provide that the UK may not commence FTA negotiations with third-country parties until after Brexit, both Governments are settling the parameters of negotiations in advance of Brexit so as to streamline the formal negotiations once they can be officially commenced.
In September 2016, Australia and the UK established a Joint Trade Working Group (TWG) to define the parameters of future FTA negotiations and exchange views on global trade policy issues and developments. Four formal meetings of the TWG have been held, demonstrating both Governments’ ongoing commitment to ensure an expeditious transition to FTA negotiations once the UK has left the EU.
Opportunities that an FTA with post-Brexit UK presents Australia
While specific details of the TWG meetings have not been made public, a comprehensive FTA with post-Brexit UK would likely assist in ensuring that our trade and investment relationship continues to flourish by:
- removing barriers to trade in goods
- expanding services linkages and investment ties;
- modernising the rules governing trade in goods, services and investment between Australia and the UK; and
- better facilitating trade and investment in the digital economy.
The Australian Government has invited stakeholders to make submissions on the potential opportunities and impacts of a future FTA with the UK. Although the consultation process has just begun and the commencement of negotiations could take some time, it is worthwhile considering how these changes might impact your business and the opportunities that will likely arise.
In particular, you should consider the commercial, economic, regional and other impacts on your business and investments that could be expected to arise from a future Australia-UK FTA to assist the Government in determining Australia’s key priorities for future TWG meetings and for the formal negotiations of the FTA with the UK.”