Frihandel i media vecka 26

2018-06-28

”African nations are carrying the torch of free trade”. afrikanska The Hill skriver Aubrey Hruby om frihandel i Afrika:

”Free trade is increasingly coming under fire by populist leaders. President Donald Trump has been accused of starting a global trade war after imposing higher tariffs on steel and aluminum products, a move that prompted some of America’s biggest trading partners and longest allies to increase their own tariffs. And, in Italy, the election of an anti-establishment, anti-globalization and anti-immigrant government has created doubts about that country’s commitment to the European Union, just when the bloc was coming to terms with Brexit’s implications for EU trade.

But while the biggest global economies are going tit for tat in anti-trade rhetoric, African nations are quietly emerging as the unexpected defenders of free trade by doing the opposite: removing restrictions on the movement of goods, people and capital in a wide-ranging effort to boost intra-African trade.

The rapid progress towards a single, multi-trillion-dollar African market provides valuable lessons on the positive implications of free trade for economic and social development. Some of the poorest nations in the world are doubling down on trade as a means to generate prosperity domestically. As the largest voting block within the WTO, African leaders should raise their voices in the global debate on trade and defend the principles upon which they are betting their economic futures.”

2018-06-27

The Economist har en serie artiklar om läget för frihandeln i världen. Bra som alltid. Här del 2:

”In this three-part essay, our correspondents from around the world explore the debates about free trade. Yesterday we wrote about America and Mexico. Today we turn to Europe, before looking tomorrow at what is happening in Asia.

THE rise of Donald Trump has been a body-blow to all those who believe that free trade is a good thing. Mr Trump wants to turn America protectionist. Not for many years has free trade been such a hot political topic. But how is the political debate about free trade playing out in other big economies?

Free trade is popular and has benefited America. But politicians are increasingly mercantilist

THERE is something approaching a folk story surrounding American attitudes to trade. It goes like this: in the 1990s, economists thought that free trade was good for everyone. America’s markets were opened up, first to Mexico, through the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and then to China, through its permanent accession to the World Trade Organisation. As a result, manufacturing jobs left the country. Then, in the 2010s, economists began to realise that trade had damaged the lives of displaced workers and vulnerable communities, just as politics took a protectionist turn through the rise of Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders.

That story misses several important points. First, economic theory always predicted that free trade would harm some workers. Second, economists were not blind to the falling economic prospects of unskilled American workers. Rather, they just attributed the rising inequality between skilled and unskilled workers primarily to technological progress.

Third, this view—that technological progress, rather than global trade, has had the bigger impact on workers—is still reasonable. It is true that economists have become more convinced of trade’s concentrated costs for displaced manufacturing workers, roughly a third of whom experienced unusually severe wage losses. But there have not been enough so-called “losers” to drive the huge changes in the labour market that have taken place. Finally, the most recent trend is that Americans have become more sympathetic to trade, not less.”

 

2018-06-26

Nyhetsbyrån Direkt, här i DI, citerar Storbritanniens finansminister Philip Hammond på besök i Indien:

”Storbritannien tänker fortsätta vara en uttalad förespråkare för öppna marknader och frihandel, trots den förestående handelskonflikten mellan USA, Kina och EU, enligt Hammond.

”Vi lever i osäkra tider, då vi förlitat oss på att USA stått upp för frihandel och öppna marknader de senaste decennierna… men USA har nu börjat ifrågasätta dessa värden och våra överenskommelser”, sade han.

Hammond uppmanade även Indien till att öppna sina marknader ytterligare. Att eliminera handelshinder i Indien skulle ”uppmuntra handel och stimulera konkurrens vilket ökar produktiviteten och inkomsterna”.”


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Kategorier: Frihandel