Frihandel i media vecka 47

Även den här veckan saknas det i stort sett nyheter om frihandel i svenska media. I stället blir det ett antal klipp från den internationella scenen.

2017-11-22

Liam Fox, Storbritanniens handelsminister, har sagt att han tror att många frihandelsavtal med EU går att kopiera och använda vid Brexit. Andra konservativa politiker tror inte detta, och även experterna menar att det är en orealistisk tanke, enligt The Sun:

”Theresa May has said she wants existing trade deals we negotiated as EU members with more than 60 countries to roll over after Brexit – to give businesses certainty about our future trading arrangements.

And earlier this month International Trade Secretary Liam Fox said discussions with many countries had begun, while his chief negotiator Crawford Falconer said most third countries had signalled they were keen to keep current trading arrangements in place.

But speaking at a pro-Brexit conference in London yesterday, Mr Hands said: “Of course, there are 40-plus of these agreements, some of which are much more useful than others, so of course there isn’t a guarantee we’re going to get all 40-plus of these agreements transitioned.”

Last week international trade lawyers said copying and pasting the trade deals would be practically impossible.

Trade expert Philippe De Baere told the Commons International Trade committee: “You cannot just copy and paste these agreements.”

He said countries such as South Korea would object to replicating the deal like-for-like because they wouldn’t be guaranteed the same amounts of quotas and consumer demand as they get from their existing arrangements with the EU.”

 

2017-11-21

Global News´s Tasha Kheiriddin är emot ett frihandelsaval mellan Kina och Kanada, men inte på grund av handelsfrågor, utan därför att Kina är en diktaturstat som verkar även utanför Kinas gränser:

”China has no free press. The country ranks worst in the world for internet freedom, routinely censoring its citizens and monitoring their communications. Beijing is even working on a facial recognition system that reportedly will be able to track every one of its 1.3 billion people, via a network of cameras that will be able to ID faces within three seconds, with an accuracy level of 88 per cent or greater.

The greater problem with China, however, is that its authoritarian attitudes don’t stop at its borders.

It is notorious for pressuring members of the Chinese diaspora overseas to promote its agenda through a so-called “united front” effort. The United Front Work Department is an arm of the Chinese Communist party which pushes for global “soft power,” now one of the top priorities of President Xi Jinping’s government. United Front does so by burnishing the image of China overseas — funding development projects, endowing universities, even perhaps helping to overthrow a government now and then (looking at you, Zimbabwe).

China’s leadership isn’t even hiding its expansionist plans anymore.

READ MORE: Influential, misinformed Canadian media hurts China-Canada relations: envoy

In October, Xi used the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to amend the party’s constitution to create a “guide to action for the entire Party and all the Chinese people to strive for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese race.” Ethnicity, not nationality, is deemed to be the unifying element: Premier Li Keqiang said earlier this year that “the Chinese race is a big family and feelings of love for the motherland, passion for the homeland, are infused in the blood of every single person with Chinese ancestry.”

Author Clive Hamilton, a professor at Charles Sturt University in Australia, recently chronicled Chinese efforts to exploit its diaspora in Australia by funding education systems and pushing Chinese-language media to sing the praises of Beijing. Hamilton’s book was spiked by its publisher because it was worried about “potential threats to the book and the company from possible action by Beijing.” The publisher, Allen & Unwin, cited “Beijing’s agents of influence” and said printing the book would raise “the very high chance of a vexatious defamation action against Allen & Unwin, and possibly against you personally as well.”

Even here in Canada, the regime targets so-called “ethnic” Chinese individuals. Denzil Minnan-Wong, a Toronto-area city councillor and Canadian-born son of a Chinese immigrant father, acknowledged to the Globe and Mail that he had been exposed to Chinese pressure over a trip he had planned to Taiwan. “I have travelled to Taiwan before. And the Chinese government has expressed concern to me that they’re not pleased,” Minnan-Wong said (he took the trip anyway).

So why, fresh after denouncing human rights violations in the Philippines, would Trudeau blithely ignore the state of affairs in China and contemplate a free trade deal with Beijing?

In the past, Canada has denounced race-based societies such as 1980s South Africa, whose apartheid system Canada helped bring down by encouraging sanctions and boycotts by major trading partners. The Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney did not seek out trading opportunities with this oppressive regime; it sought to free the people there instead.”

2017-11-20

Bloomberg Ryan Beene skriver att bilindustrin har glädje av NAFTA och ber Trump att behålla avtalet:

”Instead of threatening to pull out of Nafta, the Trump administration should be courting new trade partners to boost U.S. jobs and exports, the head of a U.S. trade association for automobile manufacturers said Monday.

Trump has warned he will pull out of the Nafta trade pact if Mexico and Canada are unwilling to revamp the deal to be more favorable to the U.S. Among the Trump administration’s most contentious proposals is one to require automobiles built in the region to source half of their parts from U.S. factories. The fifth round of talks began in Mexico City on Nov. 15 and wrap up on Tuesday.

Current U.S. free trade deals allow automakers to export U.S.-made vehicles without tariffs to 20 countries, representing just 9 percent of the global auto market, said Mitch Bainwol, chief executive officer of the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, which represents automakers including General Motors Co., Ford Motor Co. and Daimler AG.

”The bottom line is, the problem isn’t free trade, but rather it is that we don’t have enough free trade agreements,” Bainwol said in prepared testimony submitted for a field hearing in San Antonio, Texas, called by Republican Senator John Cornyn on the administration’s North America Free Trade Agreement renegotiation.

Mexico has free trade pacts with 45 countries that allow automakers to export vehicles made there to 47 percent of the global auto market without facing tariffs, Bainwol said.

Bainwol warned that proposal and other changes to auto rules proposed by the U.S. in talks now underway would increase costs for automakers and fail to reduce U.S. trade deficits with Mexico, one of the Trump administration’s top priorities for the Nafta talks.

”While we wholeheartedly support this Administration’s goal of growing U.S. manufacturing and jobs, making Nafta’s auto rules of origin more stringent will have the opposite effect,” Bainwol said.”


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